Water and waste
In urban areas, 97.7% of the population has access to drinking water sources and 91.6% to sanitation (World Bank, 2015). In 2012, Tunisia produced 2.42 million tonnes of municipal solid waste (0.815 kg / day / person in urban areas and 0.15 kg / day in rural areas). The volume of waste increases by 2.5% per year. Waste collection in urban areas reaches 80%, and in rural areas 0-10%. Collected waste is generally transported to open land dumps (21%) and burials (70% in relation to production) (GIZ 2014 - National Report on Solid Waste Management in Tunisia).
Energy and Climate
Policies and strategies
Bottle-necks and developments
ENP Progress Report 2011
- The reduction of energy demand by 2013 to 34%, by improving the energy intensity with 3% per year in the period 2015-2030 compared to what could be the intensity if the current pace is maintained.
- This reduction in energy intensity would allow Tunisia to be in the middle of the OECD countries whereas currently it is in the world average rank.
- The increase in the rate of penetration of renewable energies in terms of electricity production to 30% in 2030 whereas today it is only 3%; With hydrocarbons accounting for 96% of the energy consumed to produce electricity.
To achieve this objective, an additional capacity for renewable energy production of around 3.6 GW must be put in place, totalling more than EUR 6.3 billion. This would allow cumulative primary energy savings over the 2015-2030 period of around 16 Mtoe, i.e. a cumulative gain on the country's energy bill of more than 13 billion euros over the same period 2015-2030. In this context, Tunisia has strengthened the regulatory and incentive framework through:
- The adoption of Law 2015-12 on the promotion of the production of electricity from renewable sources.
- The creation of an Energy Transition Fund to replace the National Energy Control Fund to accompany the energy transition. This Fund, in addition to the awarded premiums for investment in energy control actions, will be used to grant, guarantee and improve loans.