Joint Research Centre
The Joint Research Centre is the scientific and technical arm of the European Commission. It is providing the scientific advice and technical know-how to support a wide range of EU policies. Its status as a Commission service, which guarantees independence from private or national interests, is crucial for pursuing its mission:
"As the Commission's in-house science service, the Joint Research Centre's mission is to provide EU policies with independent, evidence-based scientific and technical support throughout the whole policy cycle.
Working in close cooperation with policy Directorates-General, the JRC addresses key societal challenges while stimulating innovation through developing new methods, tools and standards, and sharing its know-how with the Member States, the scientific community and international partners."
The JRC has seven scientific institutes, located at five different sites in Belgium, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands and Spain, with a wide range of laboratories and unique research facilities. Through numerous collaborations, access to many facilities is granted to scientists from partner organisations.
The JRC employs around 2750 staff coming from throughout the EU, and its budget comprises €330 million annually, coming from the EU's research budget. Further income is generated through the JRC's participation in indirect actions, additional work for Commission services and contract work for third parties, such as regional authorities and industry. The latest figures are available in the JRC annual report.
JRC assistance to CES-MED
Scientific and technical credibility is also one of the strengths of the Covenant of mayors, thanks to the involvement of the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre (JRC).
In cooperation with CES-MED and CoMO, the JRC assists signatories with questions mostly related to emission inventories and action plans. Signatories are guided through the SEAP development process thanks to the methodological guidebook and other tools that have been developed in coordination with Ces-MED and CoMO.